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Diabetes is a chronic health condition that occurs when the body is unable to effectively regulate blood sugar levels. This can happen because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin (a hormone that regulates blood sugar), or because the body cannot use the insulin it produces efficiently. There are two main types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition where the body attacks the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, often diagnosed in children and young adults. Type 2 diabetes is more common and usually develops in adults; it is often associated with obesity and lifestyle factors.

High blood sugar levels over a long period can lead to serious health complications, including heart disease, kidney failure, nerve damage, and vision loss. Managing diabetes involves monitoring blood sugar levels, following a healthy diet, regular physical activity, and sometimes medication or insulin therapy. With proper management, people with diabetes can lead healthy and active lives. Early detection and lifestyle changes are crucial in preventing or delaying the onset of Type 2 diabetes, making education and awareness vital in combating this condition.